only in obscure Russian-language journals, described a culture with the tongue-twisting name Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex. S. Salvatori Centro Studi Sudanesi e Sub-Sahariani, Treviso, Italy Bactria- Margiana Archaeological Complex: how terminology hides historical processes T he. The Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex (or BMAC, also known as the Oxus civilization) is the name given to a Central Asian Bronze Age culture.

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You are commenting using your Twitter account. Central Asia goods still arrive to the Gulf parently also there the Middle Bronze sites were Crawford, Al Sindi, ; Potts, ; Salva- replaced, on a reduced scale, by new fortified tori, b. The scale and organization of this construction was unmatched in Central Asia until the Persians’ arrival in the sixth century B. In addition, there were smaller settlements at AnauDashlyji, and Bactgia. Jewelry, carved images of wheat, and the remnants of a stone eagle are among the artifacts from an apparent royal burial at Gonur.

The Peopling of the Americas: Sarianidi may be the last archaeologicao in the mold of the 19th-century adventurer, with a larger-than-life swagger, a sharp archaeolofical, and a thick stubborn streak.

These items originated in the region around Gonur. The reasons that the cities of the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex were suddenly abandoned are not known.

Ancient South Asia and Central Asia. I want to be buried here. Years later, Soviet archaeologists working along the mountain foothills confirmed that as early as B. It lasted for about years and then collapsed, as evidenced by the precipitous decline of urban settlements and the disappearance of artifacts. I found it interesting that the article mentions the traditional scholarly opposition of agriculturalists vs.

While they all have impressive fortification walls, gates, and buttresses, it is not always clear why one structure is identified as a temple and another as a palace.

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compoex The Westerners brought an array of modern archaeological techniques, from radiocarbon dating to archaeobotany. This produced the yab production.

Then, within a few centuries, they vanished. For him, Gonur is the capital of a people who came from the West with a religion that evolved into Zoroastrianism.


That’s a few thousand years after these grains were domesticated in the Near East but much earlier than most researchers had thought likely, supporting Pumpelly’s view that Central Asian culture developed much sooner than commonly believed. A Late Bronze Age Harvard University archaeologist Carl Lamberg-Karlovsky believes the excavation at Gonur is “a major event of the late 20th century,” adding that Sarianidi deserves credit for discovering the lost Oxus culture and for his “30 consecutive years of indefatigable excavations.

Archaeologicak Bactria-Margiana complex has attracted attention as a candidate for those looking for the material counterparts to the Indo-Iranians Aryansa major linguistic branch that split off from the Proto-Indo-Europeans.

Studies in Honour of P. While we can still only glimpse at the constellation of cities that existed archaeollogical ancient times, findings made at BMAC already reveal a series of cities and settlements, each with a distinctive and exceptionally large architectural footprint, with temple structure, administrative quarters and defensive walls.

Sarianidi’s excavations from the late s onward revealed numerous monumental structures in many sites, fortified by impressive walls and gates.

Near the Sources of Civilizations. In the long, still desert evenings at his camp, he speaks of archaeeological fleeing from drought-plagued Mesopotamia to this virgin land, bringing a conviction that fire is holy, as well as techniques for brewing a hallucinogenic drink called soma. But researchers think they have pinned down the origin of archaeologica, mysterious people. A similar-sized seal found in Xinjiang, dated to the Han Period B.

They traded with distant cities for ivory, gold, and silver, creating archaeo,ogical may have been the first commercial link between the East and the West. Potts and H. The initial trickle of information margiqna up in when the revolution in Iran and war in Bactrria locked away the southern half of the Oxus. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The large and square mud-brick architecture of the Gonur people may live on, however, in the clan compounds of Afghanistan and in the old caravansaries—rest stops for caravans—that dot the landscape from Syria to China.

Indeed, during the Late Bronze all the new bactriw to the discovery of many new Bronze Age major settlements at the centre of the polygons sites and among them two very large settlements are fortified sites with individual storage struc- M and M Women come here to pray for children.


Altyn-Depe was a major centre even then. It is worth noting that at the point at which the Zoroastrian religion became formally established circa BCEreferences to haoma cease and references marviana bhanga, which certainly refers to cannabis, suddenly begin to appear.

The prowess of the Oxus metalworkers—who used tin alloys and delicate combinations of gold and silver—were on par with the skills of their more famous contemporaries in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley, Lamberg-Karlovsky says. Instead, Steppe communities integrated farther south throughout the 2nd millennium BCE, and we show that they mixed with a more southern population that we document at multiple sites as outlier individuals exhibiting a distinctive mixture of ancestry related to Iranian agriculturalists and South Asian hunter-gathers.

Tag: Bactria Margiana Archaeological Complex

In Transoxiana they settled at Sarazm near Pendjikent. Among them are striking humanoid statues with small heads and wide skirts, as well as horses, lions, snakes, and scorpions.

Meanwhile, a third branch of the Aryan Migration turned westward aechaeological settled on the Iranian maegiana, in a place called Ariana, where an unknown scribe, or scribes, around BC produced the Persian hymns known as the Avesta, which mentions a city in northern Afghanistan termed Bakhdi Balkh “beautiful, crowned with banners. The complex mainly stretches within a large continuous zone between southern Turkmenistan and Northern Afghanistan, and smaller adjacent areas of Iran, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.

Later settlements like Gonur, roughly 4, years old, may have been founded by people from the Kopet-Dag cultures.

BC – Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex [BMAC]

Ancient Near Eastern Burke, marglana at Tell Qannas Sign up to be informed. It was reported that analysis of the samples confirmed the presence of cannabis and ephedra. The inhabitants of the BMAC were sedentary people who practised irrigation farming of wheat and barley.

This is attested through the many metal artefacts found throughout the sites.

If you have the opportunity, read it.